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Shota Rustaveli
One of the greatest representatives of the world literature - Shota Rustaveli lived in XII-XII cent. in Georgia, during the reigning of Queen Tamara. It was the time of political power of medieval Georgia and also the time of flourishing of its culture. There are many legends, telling us about poet's comprehensive education, his numeruos travels in different Eastern countries, Arabia, Bizantium, Greece.

A long before Renaissance he sang about the humanistic ideals, the feelings of love and friendship, courage and fortitude in the poem "The Knight in the Panther's Skin". Heroes of the poem are brave, philantropic, generous. They live and act in the name of a Man; they are ready to fight with evil and to restore a fairness. Heroes of Rustaveli are not nationally restricted. There are included different countries in the poem : Arabia, China, India.

Poem "The Knight in the Panther's Skin" has been translated into many languages. It has been first printed in 1712. In Georgia poem was illustrated by famous Georgian painter Kobuladze.

Ilia Chavchavadze (1837-1907)
Ilia Chavchavadze was born in the village Kvareli on1837. Gradueted from Tbilisi Classical Gimnasium, then entered and graduated from faculty of law of the Peterburg University.
After coming back in Georgia, he began public and literature activities. He became founder and the leader of various cultural and educational institutions. He participated in the restoring of the professional georgian theatre and dramatic society, in the commission for restoring of the original text of the "Knight in the Panter Skin".
As a Member of the State Council of Georgia, Ilia Chavchavadze was the supporter of abolition of the law on the death penalty. On 30 August 1907 Ilia Chavchavadze was killed by hired killers.
Akaki Tsereteli (1840-1915)
He was born in the village Skhvitori. Graduated from Kutaisi Gimnasium, then entered and graduated from the faculty of eastern languages at the St. Peterbu rg University . Some time he lived in Moscow, got married and then with his wife and daughter came back in Georgia.All his life Akaki Tsereteli dedicated to the literature. He was poet and writer, satirist and children writer, also public and theatrical figure. He was an outstanding representative of national-liberation moving, one of the founders of "critical realism " and new Georgian language and literature. His poems: "Tornike Eristavi", "Natela", "The Tutor", a story "Bashi-Achuki", belong to the most remarkable works of the georgian literature. Many his verses georgians know by heart, and world-wide are the song s by these verses: "Suliko", "Tsitsinatela".The great poet had passed away in 1915, now his ashes lies in the Necropolis of Mtatsminda,
Nikoloz Baratashvili (1817-1845)
The great Georgian poet, classic of Georgian romantism was born in Tbilisi. In the childhood he broke his leg and remained lame. Because of this he was not able to enter in the Army.

He graduated from Tbilisi Classical Gimnasium with the certificate of merit. Nikoloz Baratashvili dreamt of wide-scope activity, but he had to go to Ganja (Azerbaijan) because of hard economic conditions where he worked as an assistant of the district chief and soon at the age of 28 he fell sick with malaria and died.

The volume of Baratashvili's creative work is not big - 37 verses and poem all-in-all, though these works are sufficient to mention his name together with Byron, Omar Chaiam, Pushkin, Mizkewicz, Lorca. The pearl of his work is his poem "Merani" where the author brilliantly grounded the necessity of systematic, continuous renewal of life.

To Baratashvili's pen belong such masterpieces of Georgian peotry as: "Merani", "Twilight over Mtatsminda", "Meditation of the Banks of the River Mtkvari", "The Blue Sky", a poem "Fate of Georgia" and others. They are translated into many foreign languages and the languages of the peoples of former SU.
Iakob Gogebashvili (1840-1912)
He was born in the village Variani (district of Gori). Studied in Gori , then in Tbilisi, then at the ecclesiastical Academy in Kiev (capital of Ukraine). He learnt branches of science, got acquainted with the works of Darvin, Pestallozy, Kamensky, Rousseau , Ushinsky.

Iakob Gogebashvili strove ot make literary language accessible for the Georgian people. He was the first to work out a new theory on upbringing, education and methods of teaching. In the different times he worked as a teacher, school-inspector, fought act ively against physical puchishment in schools. As a result of it, he created unique text-books: "Dedaena" (Mother Tongue), "ABC Book", "Bunebis Kari" (Key to the Nature). "Dedaena" is taught at Georgian schools up till now.

The remains of Gogebashvili lay now at Mtatsminda Necropolis. His unfading "Dedaena"cut out of a black marble lies on his grave.

Alexander Kazbegi (1848-1893)
Georgian writer and public figure was born in the place, situated near from Mount Kazbeg, named after it - Kazbegi , now - town, where is his local-lore museum .

Works of Kazbegi are imbued with the deep dramatism. Epic stories "Khevisberi Gocha", "Elguja", "The Parricide" convey the life and fight for liberty of the freedom-loving high-landers. Described in them the soul of national heroes and their high artistry made them weel-known and popular in Georgia.
Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani (1658-1725)
Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani - an ourstanding Georgian writer, educator and diplomat. The most significat of his works is the book "The Wisdom of the Invention". It contains more than 150 fables and parables, associated with common idea.

In his works Sulkhan-Saba used peoples' living language. He made a huge contribution to democratization of Georgian literary language as a scientist, author of Georgian Explanatory Dictionary (1716).

Political situation in Georgia that time forced Sulkhan-Saba to emigrate in russia, where he has died.